Post by WolfBear
What if Mao Zedong would have turned China into a (nominal) ethnic
federation--as per the Soviet model?
A major difference is that in China, one ethnic group--the Han--is about 92%
of the country's population. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Han_Chinese Even
in the USSR, where Russians were "only" 51.4 percent of the population in
1989 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demographics_of_the_Soviet_Union the
imbalance between the Russians and other groups created some awkwardness--
having a separate RSFSR government seemed to be duplication to many people
(including Stalin, at first--though he eventually yielded to Lenin on this
point). And it is noteworthy that--at least until almost the end of the
USSR--the RSFSR never had many of the institutions the other republics had.
There was no Russian Academy of Sciences, no Russian KGB or MVD, no Russian
Communist Party, etc--though Khrushchev did create a CPSU bureau for the
RSFSR. (See https://books.google.com/books?id=uv1zv4FZhFUC&pg=PT40 for
Khrushchev's argument that an elected Central Committee of the RSFSR
Communist Party would be dangerous--"The Russian Federation is too large and
powerful," you would have a "dual center," etc.)
With China all these problems would be exacerbated. A "Han Republic" would
in effect *be* China--or at least 92% of China. For this reason a Soviet or
Yugoslav-type federation was probably impractical for China.