Post by Pete Barrett Post by Rob
Here's the challenge, have the Ottoman Empire finishing its
participation in WWI, and keeping post-war, most of the Fertile
Crescent, losing only its provinces directly connected to the Red Sea
and the Persian Gulf to British Empire forces. Borders illustrated in
You can vary the overall WWI settlement as much as you want, but double
your points the better the Entente does in Europe. The Ottomans can also
be in through the end of the war, or exit it early.
The Ottomans join WW1 on the side of the Entente. After the defeat of the
Central Powers, Britain leases the oil-producing regions of Basra from
the Ottoman Empire, and the Ottomans recognise the independence of the
Gulf States (as British protectorates) and the Hejaz (areas which had
been pacified by British Indian forces while the Ottoman army was
involved elsewhere), receiving territorial compensation in the Caucasus
from the collapsed Russian Empire.
(The compensation doesn't look equivalent on the map, but when you
consider that Basra is technically still part of the Ottoman Empire (and
they're being paid for it), and that the Gulf States were practically
independent anyway, it's really only the Hejaz they're losing. And the
Hejaz would be subject to Arab nationalist revolts, while the area in the
Sharif Husayn was principally a conservative Islamist and his motives
were more conservative and selfish rather than nationalist, but he
later made common cause with the Arab nationalists of the Levant and
Iraq and incorporated some but not all of their ideas. The alliance was
an uneasy one. The Arab nationalists were secularizing and modernizing,
ideologically close to the Young Turks except on ethnic issues and
originally their comrades in arms.
Giving up the Hijaz is not an easy deal for the Ottomans. Possession of
the Hijaz, especially Mecca and Medinah, gave legitimacy to the
authority of the Sultan as Caliph, something even the secularizing
Young Turks were exploiting.
After the surrender in OTL the royalist Ottomans were quite willing
accept humiliating terms but still asked that the Ottoman (Turkish)
flag be flown over Mecca and Medina.
Post by Pete Barrett
Caucasus (roughly equivalent to modern Turkey's borders) may be more